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Frequently asked questions

Why does my branch not move to the new commit after jj new/commit?

If you're familiar with Git, you might expect the current branch to move forward when you commit. However, Jujutsu does not have a concept of a "current branch".

To move branches, use jj branch set.

I made a commit and jj git push --all says "Nothing changed" instead of pushing it. What do I do?

jj git push --all pushes all branches, not all revisions. You have two options:

  • Using jj git push --change will automatically create a branch and push it.
  • Using jj branch commands to create or move a branch to either the commit you want to push or a descendant on it. Unlike Git, Jujutsu doesn't do this automatically (see previous question).

Where is my commit, why is it not visible in jj log?

Is your commit visible with jj log -r 'all()'?

If yes, you should be aware that jj log only shows the revisions matching revsets.log by default. You can change it as described in config to show more revisions.

If not, the revision may have been abandoned (e.g. because you used jj abandon, or because it's an obsolete version that's been rewritten with jj rebase, jj describe, etc). In that case, jj log -r commit_id should show the revision as "hidden". jj new commit_id should make the revision visible again.

See revsets and templates for further guidance.

How can I get jj log to show me what git log would show me?

Use jj log -r ... The .. operator lists all visible commits in the repo, excluding the root (which is never interesting and is shared by all repos).

jj is said to record the working copy after jj log and every other command. Where can I see these automatic "saves"?

Indeed, every jj command updates the current "working-copy" revision, marked with @ in jj log. You can notice this by how the commit ID of the working copy revision changes when it's updated. Note that, unless you move to another revision (with jj new or jj edit, for example), the change ID will not change.

If you expected to see a historical view of your working copy changes in the parent-child relationships between commits you can see in jj log, this is simply not what they mean. What you can see in jj log is that after the working copy commit gets amended (after any edit), the commit ID changes.

You can see the actual history of working copy changes using jj obslog. This will show the history of the commits that were previously the "working-copy commit", since the last time the change id of the working copy commit changed. The obsolete changes will be marked as "hidden". They are still accessible with any jj command (jj diff, for example), but you will need to use the commit id to refer to hidden commits.

You can also use jj obslog -r on revisions that were previously the working-copy revisions (or on any other revisions). Use jj obslog -p as an easy way to see the evolution of the commit's contents.

Can I prevent Jujutsu from recording my unfinished work? I'm not ready to commit it.

Jujutsu automatically records new files in the current working-copy commit and doesn't provide a way to prevent that.

However, you can easily record intermediate drafts of your work. If you think you might want to go back to the current state of the working-copy commit, simply use jj new. There's no need for the commit to be "finished" or even have a description.

Then future edits will go into a new working-copy commit on top of the now former working-copy commit. Whenever you are happy with another set of edits, use jj squash to amend the previous commit.

For more options see the next question.

Can I interactively create a new commit from only some of the changes in the working copy, like git add -p && git commit or hg commit -i?

Since the changes are already in the working-copy commit, the equivalent to git add -p && git commit/git commit -p/hg commit -i is to split the working-copy commit with jj split -i (or the practically identical jj commit -i).

For the equivalent of git commit --amend -p/hg amend -i, use jj squash -i.

Is there something like git rebase --interactive or hg histedit?

Not yet, you can check this issue for updates.

To reorder commits, it is for now recommended to rebase commits individually, which may require multiple invocations of jj rebase -r or jj rebase -s.

To squash or split commits, use jj squash and jj split.

How can I keep my scratch files in the repository?

You can keep your notes and other scratch files in the repository, if you add a wildcard pattern to either the repo's gitignore or your global gitignore. Something like *.scratch or *.scratchpad should do, after that rename the files you want to keep around to match the pattern.

If $EDITOR integration is important, something like scratchpad.* may be more helpful, as you can keep the filename extension intact (it matches, and more).

You can find more details on gitignore files here.

How can I keep local changes around, but not use them for Pull Requests?

In general, you should separate out the changes to their own commit (using e.g. jj split). After that, one possible workflow is to rebase your pending PRs on top of the commit with the local changes. Then, just before pushing to a remote, use jj rebase -s child_of_commit_with_local_changes -d main to move the PRs back on top of main.

If you have several PRs, you can try jj rebase -s all:commit_with_local_changes+ -d main (note the +) to move them all at once.

An alternative workflow would be to rebase the commit with local changes on top of the PR you're working on and then do jj new commit_with_local_changes. You'll then need to use jj new --before to create new commits and jj squash --into to move new changes into the correct commits.

I accidentally changed files in the wrong commit, how do I move the recent changes into another commit?

Use jj obslog -p to see how your working-copy commit has evolved. Find the commit you want to restore the contents to. Let's say the current commit (with the changes intended for a new commit) are in commit X and the state you wanted is in commit Y. Note the commit id (normally in blue at the end of the line in the log output) of each of them. Now use jj new to create a new working-copy commit, then run jj restore --from Y --to @- to restore the parent commit to the old state, and jj restore --from X to restore the new working-copy commit to the new state.

How do I resume working on an existing change?

There are two ways to resume working on an earlier change: jj new then jj squash, and jj edit. The first is generally recommended, but jj edit can be useful. When you use jj edit, the revision is directly amended with your new changes, making it difficult to tell what exactly you change. You should avoid using jj edit when the revision has a conflict, as you may accidentally break the plain-text annotations on your state without realising.

To start, use jj new <rev> to create a change based on that earlier revision. Make your edits, then use jj squash to update the earlier revision with those edits. For when you would use git stashing, use jj edit <rev> for expected behaviour. Other workflows may prefer jj edit as well.

How do I deal with divergent changes ('??' after the change ID)?

A divergent change represents a change that has two or more visible commits associated with it. To refer to such commits, you must use their commit ID. Most commonly, the way to resolve this is to abandon the unneeded commits (using jj abandon <commit ID>). If you would like to keep both commits with this change ID, you can jj duplicate one of them before abandoning it.

Usually, the different commits associated with the divergent change ID should all appear in the log, but due to #2476, they may not. If that happens, you can either use jj log -r 'all()' | grep <change id> or disable the revsets.short-prefixes config option.

How do I deal with conflicted branches ('??' after branch name)?

A conflicted branch is a branch that refers to multiple different commits because jj couldn't fully resolve its desired position. Resolving conflicted branches is usually done by setting the branch to the correct commit using jj branch set <commit ID>.

Usually, the different commits associated with the conflicted branch should all appear in the log, but if they don't you can use jj branch listto show all the commits associated with it.

How do I integrate Jujutsu with Gerrit?

At the moment you'll need a script, which adds the required fields for Gerrit like the Change-Id footer. Then jj can invoke it via an $EDITOR override in an aliased command. Here's an example from an contributor (look for the jj signoff alias).

After you have attached the Change-Id: footer to the commit series, you'll have to manually invoke git push of HEAD on the underlying git repository into the remote Gerrit branch refs/for/$BRANCH, where $BRANCH is the base branch you want your changes to go to (e.g., git push origin HEAD:refs/for/main). Using a co-located repo will make the underlying git repo directly accessible from the working directory.

We hope to integrate with Gerrit natively in the future.